Islamabad declared world’s second most beautiful capital

 Islamabad declared world’s second most beautiful capital

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Rawal Lake

Rawal Lake in Pakistan is an artificial reservoir that provides the water needs for the cities of Rawalpindi andIslamabad. Korang River along with some other small streams coming from Margalla Hills have been set to form this artificial lake which covers an area of 8.8 km². Korang River is the outlet stream of Rawal Dam. Rawal Lake is located within an isolated section of the Margalla Hills National Park. 
Recreation 
The area around the lake has been planted with flowering trees and laid out with gardens, picnic spots, and secluded paths. The terraced garden and the lake are used for picnics, fishing and boating. The highest point in the garden offers a panoramic view of the lake, Margalla and Murree hills, Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
Boating, sailing, water skating and diving facilities are organized by private clubs.
To the west of the lake is the Islamabad Club, which offers different sporting facilities.
Wildlife 
The reservoir is of considerable importance for wintering waterfowl, especially Anas platyrhynchos.
Resident mammals include the common Fox, Pangolin, Porcupine, Jungle cat, Jackal, Wild boar and yellow-throated marten.
Reptiles include Indian Cobra and Russell’s Viper.
It is a good place for birds watching, as the majority of Birds of Islamabad are found here.
Fishery 
There are 15 fish species belonging to 11 genera that present in Rawal Lake. The fish species in Rawal lake and its tributaries include: Doula (Channa channa), Rahu (Labeorohita), Thaila (Catla catla), Mori(Cirrhinus mrigala), Carp fish (Cyprinus carpio)and Talapia(Tilapia mossambica).

Pakistan-China Friendship Centre

Pakistan-China Friendship Centre is an art, conference and exhibition centre in Islamabad, Pakistan. It is developed with the help of China–Pakistan relations. Its construction was started in April 2005 when the Premier of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China Wen Jiabao visited Pakistan. It was inaugurated on December 18, 2010 by the Pakistani Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao. Currently it is running by the Ministry of Culture. 
Construction 
Centre was started building in April 2005 with the help of People’s Republic of China, 12 acre land was allotted by Capital Development Authority (CDA) in 2004 for the centre. Its approximately cost on construction is Rs. 3 billion (£35 million),  comprises on an auditorium with 800 seats, conference rooms, dancing halls, exhibition and art centre.[3]Centre’s design was made by China IPPR International Engineering Corporation and constructed by Shanghai Group. Eight conference halls with 200-250 seats, 105 residential rooms and three dancing halls are also being constructed now.[5] In February 2013 CDA decided to establish a state-of-the-art modern cinema hall at the centre which will introduce the Bollywood and Hollywood films. 
Exhibitions 
Developing 8 Countries – 2012 
Islamabad Fashion Week – 2012 
National Book Fair – 2012
Pak-China Business Forum – 2013 (COMSATS)

Pakistan Monument

The Pakistan Monument in Islamabad, Pakistan, is a national monument representing the nation’s four provinces and three territories. After a competition among many renowned architects, Arif Masood’s plan was selected for the final design. The blooming flower shape of the monument represents Pakistan’s progress as a rapidly developing country. The four main petals of the monument represent the four provinces (Balochistan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh), while the three smaller petals represent the three territories (Gilgit-Baltistan, Azad Kashmir and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas). The Monument has been designed to reflect the culture and civilization of the country and depicts the story of the Pakistan Movement, dedicated to those who sacrificed themselves for future generations. From air the monument looks like a star (center) and a crescent moon (formed by walls forming the petals), these represent the star and crescent on Pakistan’s flag.
During the initial stages the plan was envisioned and started by Uxi Mufti son of Mumtaz Muftiin 2005[1] later the plan to build a national monument in the capital city of Pakistan was undertaken by the Ministry of Culture which was under Hamad Kashif at that time. In this respect, Pakistan Council of Architects and Town Planners (PCATP) organised a national competition around the theme of signifying strength, unity and dedication of the people of Pakistan into an icon representing an independent and free nation.
From a total of twenty submissions, three were short-listed. Finally, the design proposed by Arif Masoud was selected for construction, that revolved around the creation and development of the country.
Structure 
The monument is located at the west viewpoint of the Shakarparian Hills, and is spread over a total area of 2.8 hectares. The high location makes the monument visible from across the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The foundation stone was laid on 25 May 2004 and the complex was completed by the end of 2006 for inauguration on 23 March 2007. The total cost incurred was more than Rs.580 million. 
The structure comprises four blossoming flower petals, built of granite, representing the unity of Pakistani people. The inner walls of the petals are decorated with murals. The central platform is made in the shape of a five-pointed star which is surrounded by a water body. A metallic crescent surrounding the star is inscribed with sayings of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and poetry of Allama Iqbal.

Famous People from Islamabad

Politics

Tridev Roy, politician and writer
Yousaf Raza Gillani, politician
Jamshed Ayaz Khan, Major general (Pak army)
Wasim Sajjad, former Chairman of the Senate of Pakistan.
Sports
Adnan Saleem, cricketer
Ijaz UR Rehman, cricketer
Usman Khawaja, cricketer
Zeeshan Abbasi, blind cricketer
Media and entertainment
Ali Saleem, TV actor and host
Adil Omar, musician and rapper
Asma Shirazi, journalist
Ashiq Khan, film actor and filmmaker
Farah Hussain, TV actress and presenter
Farrukh Saleem, journalist and columnist
Imran Abbas Naqvi, model and actor
Madiha Iftikhar, TV actress and model
Marvi Sirmed, journalist and columnist
Natasha Paracha, model (Miss Pakistan World 2008)
Rumer, musician and song writer
Saleem Safi, journalist and columnist
Shamil Khan, film and TV actor
Shanzay Hayat, model (Miss Pakistan World 2013)
Talat Hussain, journalist
Tariq Amin, hairdresser and stylist
Other
Abdul Rashid, nuclear and bio-scientist
Ahmad Hasan Dani, archaeologist and historian
Muhammad Asim Butt, Urdu novelist
Ghulam Nabi Kazi, health economist and humanist
Hammad Husain, architect and academician
Julius Salik, activist
Kazi Zulkader Siddiqui, businessman
Mansha Yaad, writer
Mian Habib Ullah, businessman
Rahman Syed, entomologist and professor
Sadruddin Hashwani, businessman
Zafar Ishaq Ansari, Muslim scholar
Zaheer Ahmad, physician and lobbyist

Birds of Islamabad

Little grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis
Little cormorant, Phalacrocorax niger
Great cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo
Black-crowned night heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
Indian pond heron (Paddybird), Ardeola grayii
Cattle egret, Bubulcus ibis
Little egret, Egretta garzetta
Intermediate egret, Egretta intermedia
Grey heron, Ardea cinerea
Purple heron, Ardea purpurea
Common teal, Anas crecca
Black kite, Milvus migrans
Shikra, Accipiter badius
Long-legged buzzard, Buteo rufinus
Eurasian kestrel, Falco tinnunculus
Grey francolin, Francolinus pondicerianus
Common quail, Coturnix coturnix
Brown waterhen, Amaurornis akool
White-breasted waterhen, Amaurornis phoenicurus
Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
Eurasian coot, Fulica atra
Red-wattled lapwing, Hoplopterus indicus
Common sandpiper, Actitis hypoleucos
Black-headed gull, Larus ridibundus
Feral pigeon, Columba livia
Wood pigeon, Columba palumbus
Collared dove, Streptopelia decaocto
Palm dove, Streptopelia senegalensis
Spotted dove, Streptopelia chinensis
Rose-ringed parakeet, Psittacula krameri
Common koel, Eudynamys scolopacea
Greater coucal, Centropus sinensis
House swift, Apus affinis
White-throated kingfisher, Halcyon smyrnensis
Pied kingfisher, Ceryle rudis
Hoopoe, Upupa epops
Lesser golden-backed woodpecker, Dinopium benghalense
Brown-fronted woodpecker, Dendrocopos auriceps
Crested lark, Galerida cristata
Small skylark, Alauda gulgula
Brown-throated sand martin, Riparia paludicola
Pale sand martin, Riparia diluta
Barn swallow, Hirundo rustica
Red-rumped swallow, Hirundo daurica
Paddyfield pipit, Anthus rufulus
Grey wagtail, Motacilla cinerea
White wagtail, Motacilla alba
Large pied wagtail, Motacilla maderaspatensis
Himalayan bulbul, Pycnonotus leucogenys
Red-vented bulbul, Pycnonotus cafer
Dark-grey bushchat, Saxicola ferrea
Blue rock thrush, Monticola solitarius
Blue whistling thrush, Myophonus caeruleus
Fan-tailed warbler, Cisticola juncidis
Tawny prinia, Prinia inornata
Yellow-bellied prinia, Prinia flaviventris
Hume’s leaf warbler, Phylloscopus humei
White-throated fantail, Rhipidura albicollis
Black-chinned babbler, Stachyris pyrrhops
Common babbler, Turdoides caudatus
Jungle babbler, Turdoides striatus
Great tit, Parus major
Bar-tailed treecreeper, Certhia himalayana
Oriental white-eye, Zosterops palpebrosus
Rufous-backed shrike, Lanius schach
Black drongo, Dicrurus macrocercus
House crow, Corvus splendens
Brahminy starling, Sturnus pagodarum
Common myna, Acridotheres tristis
Bank myna, Acridotheres ginginianus
House sparrow, Passer domesticus
Alexandrine parakeet, Psittacula eupatria
Green bee-eater, Merops orientalis
Rufous treepie, Dendrocitta vagabunda
Indian robin, Saxicoloides fulicatus

Sports venues in Islamabad

Islamabad has a multi-purpose Sports Complex opposite Aabpara. The complex includes Liaquat Gymnasium for indoor games, Mushaf Squash Complex and Jinnah Stadium for outdoor games, which is a venue for regular national and international events. 2004 SAF Gameswere held in the stadium. Major sports in the city include Football, Cricket, Squash, Hockey, Table Tennis and Boxing. The Islamabad Golf Club has recently been enlarged to 27 holes (with 9 holes under repair in 2012/2013). Other golfcourses are the Navy course (18 holes) and the Air Force golf course (9 holes). Modest water sporting facilities are developed at the Rawal Lake. Islamabad also has various rock climbing spots in the Margalla Hills.